Communities surrounding the power plants are the valuable stakeholders for operations of BPP because they have received both positive and negative impacts throughout the project’s life cycle. Consequently, the community’s acceptance is a significant factor for the project’s sustainability.
BPP has placed great emphasis on building community engagements and listening to their opinions since the project’s feasibility study gets started in order to collect comments and concerns from the communities, using them for engineering designs and reducing any impacts likely arising, inclusion of determining the monitoring and preventive measures during the project’s construction and operational stages. In addition, BPP has used opinions received from the community engagement to improve its operations and support the sustainable development corresponding to the local needs.
BPP has determined to conduct a social baseline study in the areas during the project’s feasibility study stage by adhering to the international standards in order to understand economic and social conditions in the project’s area. It has also established the guidelines for building community engagements and applying them as appropriated.
BPP has engaged the communities through stakeholder analytic procedures, dividing into directly and indirectly affected groups as well as beneficiaries since beginning to conduct a feasibility study in order to listen to opinions and concerns from the communities. These opinions and concerns are used for designing the projects and developing proper measures to mitigate social and environmental impacts for each area. Generally, the project’s stakeholders are classified based on the impact levels. The distinguishment may differ from local conditions and laws of each country.
- Communities living in the project area are those staying in the project’s zones and necessarily being relocated. They are the most affected people at the project’s beginning stage since the relocation has an impact on the community’s traditional living and possibly affects their occupations, cultures, and traditions, etc. As such, making understanding and well planning for relocations as well as supporting the communities for their best benefits with minimal effects, is a must. The unwilling relocation is avoidable and challenging for the project accomplishment.
- Communities located closest to the project are those living adjacent to the project’s areas or five kms away from the project (radius may vary upon each area). These communities are directly affected and in proximity to the project. BPP has considered them as the most affected stakeholders during its operational stage. Consequently, the communities residing closest to the project together with those staying in the project’s areas will be provided the utmost opportunities from the project such as job recruitments and occupational supports, etc.
- Communities located in the moderate vicinity of the project are communities living over 5 kms from the project but not exceed 10 kms (radius may vary upon each area) or the communities BPP purchased lands for operating, but do not have to relocate. These communities are directly affected by the project, but less than the first two groups. Hence, this community group is considered as the moderate affected stakeholders.
- Indirectly effected communities are the communities located far away from the project’s areas or those supporting the relocation which may be indirectly affected, for instance, increasing the population and transportation densities. BPP considered these communities as the least affected stakeholders, compared to the first three groups.
BPP has assigned a direct responsible function to engage communities in order to develop the operational plan appropriate for each community, covering a vulnerable group such as persons unable to protect their rights or have no freedom to make decisions on effects they may receive, such as children, the elderly, refugees, and native people.
The CHP plants in China, namely Luannan Power Plant, Zhengding Power Plant and Zouping Power Plant are located in the industrial and city areas for generating power, steam, and cold water to factories and local communities. BPP, therefore, has collaborated with customers, business partners, government agencies and nearby companies to engage communities through various activities for each location. As communities are also one of the key customers buying heats from the power plants during winter, the power plants have to operate in accordance with the community’s expectations. These include the stable operations, continuous quality heat supply, and flexibility to community’s needs.
- No significant complaints from the community.
- No business disruptions resulted from the community’s grievances.
Key Activities and Projects
Community Development Policy
Stakeholder Engagement Standard